GUIdebook: Graphical User Interface galleryHome > Articles > Hardware
Go backArticlesHardware

Articles related to hardware (such as input or output devices):

Sketchpad“Sketchpad: A man-machine graphical communication system” by Ivan E. Sutherland, from proceedings of AFIPS 1963
    The seminal paper describing Sketchpad, a system using the first graphical user interface
Lisa Office System“Lisa user interface standards”, 1980
    Apple Lisa guidelines, describing a very different user work-in-progress interface from three years prior to the release
Xerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalView“Xerox xooms toward the office of the future” by Bro Uttal, from Fortune 1981
    An article about Xerox Star and changes in Xerox’s Office Products Division
Xerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalView“The Xerox Alto computer” by Thomas A Wadlow, from Byte 1981
    Description of the Xerox Alto, the first computer with GUI and mouse as input device (with screenshots)
Xerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalView“The Star user interface: an overview” by David Canfield Smith, Charles Irby, Ralph Kimball and Eric Harslem, from proceedings of AFIPS 1982
    An illustrated description of the Xerox 8010 “Star” interface
Xerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalView“A retrospective on the development of Star” by Eric Harslem and LeRoy E. Nelson, from from proceedings of ICSE 1982
    A rather technical look at Xerox Star – not much of GUI-related information, but helpful in putting the development of 8010 into context
Xerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalView“Designing the Star User Interface” by Dr. David Canfield Smith, Charles Irby, Ralph Kimball, Bill Verplank and Eric Harslem, from Byte 1982
    Extensive breakdown of rules and ideas behind Xerox Star interface (with screenshots)
Lisa Office System“Apple’s Lisa: A personal office system” by Joseph L. Ehardt, from Seybold Publications 1983
    An exhaustive 26-page report on Apple Lisa
Xerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalViewVisi OnMac OSLisa Office System“Apple’s bid to stay in the big time” by Peter Nulty, from Fortune 1983
    Review of Apple Lisa from business point of view
Lisa Office System“The Lisa Computer System” by Gregg Williams, from Byte 1983
    An extensive review of Apple Lisa
Lisa Office System“The birth of Lisa” by Michael Rogers, from Personal Computing 1983
    An interview with Apple Lisa development team
Lisa Office System“A new generation arrives” by Jeffrey Rothfeder, from Personal Computing 1983
    An essay on a new “era of easy computing,” exemplified by Apple Lisa
Lisa Office System“Apple’s new computers: A major breakthrough” by , from Personal Computing 1983
    A short description of the new Apple Lisa
Lisa Office System“Lisa’s debut” by , from Softalk 1983
    A short preview of Apple Lisa
Lisa Office System“An interview with Wayne Rosing, Bruce Daniels, and Larry Tesler” by Chris Morgan, Gregg Williams and Phil Lemmons, from Byte 1983
    An interview with three leading developers of Apple Lisa
Lisa Office System“Apple’s Lisa” by Mike Whitney, from Personal Computer News 1983
    A short review of Apple Lisa
Lisa Office System“New from Apple: Lisa and the IIe” by George Stewart, Rachael Wrege and Phil Lopiccola, from Personal Computing 1983
    A 3-part article on Lisa, its design and its mouse
Lisa Office SystemVisi On“The new generation of human-engineered software” by Gregg Williams, from Byte 1983
    A little piece on the emergence of desktop metaphor
Lisa Office System“Lisa – Close up and personal” by Roger Wagner and Joe Holt, from Softalk 1983
    A profusely-illustrated review of Apple Lisa
Xerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalView“The lab that ran away from Xerox” by Bro Uttal, from Fortune 1983
    Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, people behind it, and transformation of Alto into the Star
Lisa Office System“Apple announces the Lisa 2” by Gregg Williams, from Byte 1984
    A short preview of Apple Lisa 2
oNLine System/AugmentXerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalView“Of mice and men” by Steven Levy, from Popular Computing 1984
    A story on Douglas Engelbart and his most popular invention
Lisa Office System“The Lisa 2: Apple’s ablest computer” by David D. Redhed, from Byte 1984
    A review of Lisa 2 and its suite of applications
Mac OSLisa Office System“The legacy of the Lisa” by Larry Tesler, from MacWorld 1985
    A short view on the advancements Lisa brought to GUI design
Xerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalView“The Xerox Star: A retrospective” by Jeff Johnson, Teresa L. Roberts, William Verplank, David C. Smith, Charles H. Irby, Marian Beard and, from IEEE Computer 1989
    A description of Xerox Star’s design, development, features and evolution
SketchpadoNLine System/AugmentXerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalViewLisa Office SystemMac OSNewWaveCommon Desktop Environment“Of mice and menus: Designing the user-friendly interface” by Tekla S. Perry and John Voelcker, from IEEE Spectrum 1989
    A history of early GUIs, full of interesting tidbits
Lisa Office System“Apple, early officers face trial over Twiggy” by Carolyn Said, from MacWEEK 1989
    Short piece on Apple’s problems with proprietary Twiggy drives
Sketchpad“The father of computer graphics” by Don Bissell, from Byte 1990
    A little piece on Ivan Sutherland’s unique Sketchpad
Windows“Making good GUI sense” by Jim Seymour, from PC Magazine 1992
    Pros and cons of GUIs requiring bigger and faster graphic cards
Lisa Office SystemXerox Star/ViewPoint/GlobalView“Whatever happened to the Lisa?” by John C. Dvorak, from PC Magazine
    A look back at Lisa after a decade
Magic CapNewton OSPenPoint“Sony releases Magic Cap device” by Andy Reinhardt, from Byte 1994
    A quick look at the first Magic Cap device
WindowsMac OS“Interview with John Gruber” by Marcin Wichary, 2005
    Exclusive: Interview with John Gruber about Mac OS X interface
Copyright © 2002-2006 Marcin Wichary, unless stated otherwise.